Jelly Roll Twist – Bill Barron
Though the title implies something influenced by early jazz, this one is actually a funky boogaloo with an unusual form. There is a separate rhythm section part that shows the bass line and drum groove.
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- Recording: Bill Barron - Hot Line
- Recorded on: March 31, 1962
- Label: Savoy (MG 12183)
- Concert Key: F
- Vocal Range: , to
- Style: Even 8ths (medium)
- Tenor Sax - Bill Barron, Booker Ervin
- Piano - Kenny Barron
- Bass - Larry Ridley
- Drums - Andrew Cyrille
The entire melody is in the blues scale, and the form is almost a blues—but not quite! Six measures of the I chord are followed by four measures of IV and two more of I. The B section, taking the place of a turnaround, is a four-measure stop-time passage on the V chord. The form of the head is ABA, but the solos are on AB without the repeated A section (D and E on the lead sheet). On the recording, the melody over the stop-time E section is played every time: both within and between the solos.
Only the two saxes solo on the recording; rhythm section soloists doing this song could play the stop-time melody themselves or have the horns play. Alternatively, the soloist can continue to improvise over the stop-time without the written melody. The E section melody extends to the downbeat of the next solo chorus; in our lead sheet we show the note here with the words "tacet note 1st time", since the only time it is not played is the first solo chorus. We also show this note at the beginning of the head, indicated "play on D.C. only"; it is not part of the in head.
Because the blues scale is so important in this song, we show alternate chord qualities below the staff in the solo section. These are dominant chords with a sharp 9th and sharp 11th—the same notes as the minor 3rd and flat 5th of the blues scale.
We have made a Rhythm Section part to highlight not only the bass line but the unique drum part, which implies a double-time feel while retaining a single-time backbeat. The rhythms of the melody are written above the staff.
March 27, 1927 – September 21, 1989
Philadelphia-born tenor saxophonist Bill Barron was also a gifted composer. His first record date was with Cecil Taylor in 1959. In November of that year he recorded Interpretation with drummer Philly Joe Jones on the Riverside label. Barron continued to perform and record with Jones through 1960. In 1961 he started recording as a leader for Savoy records and began his association with trumpeter Ted Curson which resulted in several more recordings. Barron also had a successful career as an educator in the NY area, directing a jazz workshop at the Children's Museum in Brooklyn, and teaching at City College of New York, before leaving the city to become the chairman of the music department at Wesleyan University. He also introduced his younger brother, pianist Kenny Barron, to the jazz recording world and featured him on most of his own recordings. Read more...